Infinity Kids Pediatric Therapy Specializing in Occupational, Speech, and Physical Therapy. Mon, 06 Nov 2023 20:16:47 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Infinity Kids Pediatric Therapy 32 32 8 Things Everyone Should Know About Dyslexia Mon, 06 Nov 2023 20:10:43 +0000 8 Things Everyone Should Know About Dyslexia Read More »


8 Things Everyone Should Know About Dyslexia

Dyslexia Is Real

Dyslexia is neuro-biological in origin. It is a common learning disability affecting 1 in 5 kids going to school in the US. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate word recognition, decoding, and poor spelling abilities.

Young Age

Obtaining a comprehensive evaluation and early intervention is critical. Prior to reading failure, if identified early (Pre K to Grade 1), Dyslexia can be prevented. Without intervention, children who are poor readers at the end of first grade almost never acquire average-level reading skills by the end of elementary school. Resource: Gaab Lab

Self-Esteem Can Be Low

Dyslexia can have a profound effect on self-esteem, motivation and behavior.. To avoid damage to self-concept as a learner and a person it is important to detect dyslexia early. If identification doesn’t occur, parents and teachers must celebrate their differences and see them as an ASSET. These individuals may need help to realize the competent, capable learners they are. Resource: The Dyslexic Advantage

Lifelong Language Based Learning Disability

Dyslexics are not lazy. Dyslexia is not caused by a lack of reading, rather research has proven these children have structural and functional brain differences which make their struggles real. There is no cure for Dyslexia, but with evidence-based intervention, they may be able to successfully read and write. Accommodations and modifications are usually helpful.

Explicit Teaching

We Were Not Born To Read. Children must turn circuits for spoken language into recognizing letters, which is not developed through exposure. However, typical readers’ brains are set up to develop these neural pathways whereas dyslexics brains are not. Most children need structured literacy in order to learn to read, however dyslexic’s require code-based, explicit, systematic, sequential, diagnostic and prescriptive instruction with many repetitions. Resource: Principals of Orton Gillingham

EXceptional Talents

“Recognizing and nurturing those talents goes a long way towards overcoming the obstacles. Winston Churchill, Pablo Picasso, William Butler Yeats, and Greg Louganis were all sufferers, yet became very successful. We can learn from their stories how to support learners by focusing on their strengths rather than just their challenges.” ~Dr. Linda Siegel Resources: Dyslexic Stories

IQ Spectrum Is Wide

Dyslexia is NOT an intellectual deficit. Many with Dyslexia have average or above average intelligence. While they are slow readers, they often paradoxically, are very fast and creative thinkers with strong reasoning abilities. The most common comorbid conditions include: Mathematics (Dyscalculia), ADHD, and Developmental Language Disorder (DLD). Resource: Dyslexia Comorbidities

Awareness Of Other Risk Factors

Many students with Dyslexia have poor phonological awareness and difficulty connecting sounds to print, which results in slow word perception, a delay in developing instant word reading, and poor spelling. Other risk factors include orthographic processing (the writing system of a language, including the recall of spelling patterns and words), rapid automatized naming (RAN) (quick naming of colors, objects, letters, and/or digits), and working memory (recalling and rearranging stimuli). Resource: Family Handbook IDA

Written By: Tala Brinderson

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Does Your Child W-Sit? Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:41:01 +0000 Does Your Child W-Sit? Read More »


W-sitting: Why do kids prefer it, what effects does it have on your child, and when is physical therapy warranted?

“W-sitting” – It has been coined a negative and scary word to some, but is W-sitting actually detrimental and should parents worry when their child is playing in this position? New research suggests that W-sitting, while not the preferred sitting position for children, may not always be an indicator for future issues, however it may be important to identify which variation of W- sitting your child utilizes.

As physical therapists, we are primarily concerned when the legs and feet are turned outward.The reason is because this position is opposite of what “typical” fetal and infant development looks like. Imagine your baby in the womb all cuddled up with his or her legs in a tight crisscross applesauce position – essentially, your baby’s legs and feet are turned inward. And typically, when your baby learns to sit, they will “ring” sit with their legs forming a circle in front of them, again in that inwardly rotated position. This inward rotation helps facilitate transitions into hands and knees and establishes movement patterns required to strengthen the outer butt muscles – critical muscles for standing, balancing, walking, and squatting.

1. Why might your child prefer W-sitting?

There are several reasons your child may prefer W-sitting. First, your child may have very flexible hips. It is not necessarily abnormal for a child to have a lot of mobility and some kiddos are just extremely flexible (just look at the crazy flexible young dancers out there). Second, your child’s femur (thigh bone) may be positioned more forward in the pelvis, which means his or her hip is able to turn inward more and allow them to W-sit comfortably. Some kiddos are just born with different bony alignment, and it’s not always a problem. And lastly, your child’s inner thigh muscles may be super tight and their outer thigh/butt muscles may be weak which makes sitting in crisscross applesauce uncomfortable.

2. What effects does W-sitting have on your child?

The main concern is if your child is repeatedly transitioning from W-sitting into squatting/standing or from squatting/standing to W-sitting and cannot tolerate sitting in other positions, such as crisscross, kneeling, or long-sitting (legs straight in front of them). Then, this can be an indicator that they are not able to recruit appropriate muscles to develop the strength needed for typical gross motor activities. The repeated transitions into and out of W-sitting can prevent strengthening of butt and core/abdominal muscles – thereby, reducing strength and stability for activities like standing on one leg, squatting, or jumping. It is these strength and stability deficits that contribute to in-toeing, hip instability, back pain, and knock-knees, not W-sitting itself.

Given there are underlying reasons for W-sitting, it is important to understand that W-sitting is not the direct cause of other problems you may see. The four misconceptions listed below are not true: 

  1. W-sitting will result in hip subluxations or dislocations.
  2. W-sitting will cause my child to walk with their toes turned inward.
  3. W-sitting will cause back pain.
  4. W-sitting will cause knock-knees while standing, squatting, or walking. 

3. When is physical therapy warranted?

If you see the following, your child may need PT:

  • Unable to sit in other positions when asked (i.e., cannot side-sit to either side, crisscross, kneel)
  • Has poor balance and falls often.
  • Cannot squat without the knees touching each other.
  • Is not developing gross motor skills at the same rate of other kids.
  • Not jumping, climbing stairs by switching feet, or making good attempts to run by around 3-years-old.

Do you think your child would benefit from physical therapy services? We would love to provide you with more helpful activities and ideas to encourage other sitting positions. Please do not hesitate to call Infinity Kids today for a free consultation! We hope to meet you and your child soon.

Written By: Clarissa Aguirre

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More on Toe Walking Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:29:23 +0000 More on Toe Walking Read More »


Idiopathic toe walking is medically described as the condition when a child over 2-years-old walks on their toes more than 25% of the time for no known developmental reason.

What are the potential reasons?

While there is no exact way to determine exactly why your child prefers toe walking, there are a variety of reasons that can be ruled in and out based on observation and examination such as the following:

  • Premature birth, including low birth weight or admission to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) that results in heel pricks for blood draws and subsequent sensory aversion.
  • Sensory processing disorders
  • Hypermobility or hypotonia (low muscle tone), resulting in more stability standing on tiptoes.
  • Gastrointestinal impairments, such as reflux, which can make an extended position on tiptoes more comfortable.
  • Genetic predisposition (17-61% of cases have a family history of toe walking) 

When may toe walking need further consultation?

  • Only one-sided toe walking may indicate a neurological condition.
  • New onset toe walking after walking normally for months or years may indicate a spinal cord injury or neuromuscular condition.
  • Leg length discrepancy or abnormal ankle/foot range of motion may indicate an orthopedic condition.
  • Rigid, stereotyped behaviors, limited eye contact, delayed language, or limited social skills may indicate underlying Autism Spectrum Diagnosis, which is commonly correlated to toe walking.

How can Physical Therapy (PT) help?

  • A PT can offer sensory-based interventions, reduce Achilles/calf tightness and postural deviations that are present concurrently with toe walking, along with improving leg flexibility, strength, balance and coordination.
  • Shoe Modifications to promote the heel touching the floor.
  • Orthotic Interventions such as custom-made inserts can help prevent toe walking.
  • Night Splinting and Serial Casting may be recommended when a child has significantly decreased ankle range of motion. 
 Written By: Clarissa Aguirre
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Music’s Measurable Effect on Speech Wed, 12 Jul 2023 23:56:13 +0000 Music’s Measurable Effect on Speech Read More »


Our speech and language pathologists try to stay on the forefront of interventions that have been researched, specifically music and the benefits with early language and speech in young children. Many of our SLP’s incorporate music into their sessions as the evidence behind it is supportive and legitimizes the positive correlation and impact

The early developing brain processes language as a type of music (Koelsch and Siebel 2005). Studies have shown that music builds and supports motivation and leads to increased attention, cognition, and learning (That & Gardner, 2014, Feller 2008). Furthermore, Music therapy has a measurable effect on speech development (Gross, Linden & Ostermann 2010).nike air max 270 couples sex toys nike air max 270 mens sale cheap lace front wigs nfl jersey sales nfl jerseys online green bay packers jersey realistic ass sex toy best jordan 4s cowboys jersey short human hair wigs best sex toy store custom mlb jerseys men nfl pro shop best jordan shoes

Research shows that music has short-term beneficial effects on children’s attention control and that music improves sustained attention (Kasuya-Ueba, et. al (2020) ). This connection utilizing music is profound, and one can clearly observe increased focus, calming, and redirection, along with the ability to improve early language and speech sounds!

By: Tala Brinderson

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Speech + Non-Verbal Communication Thu, 22 Jun 2023 18:13:00 +0000 Speech + Non-Verbal Communication Read More »


Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC), what is it? 
At Infinity Kids, providing total communication for our clients helps them become effective communicators in their home and community environments. AAC is under the umbrella of total communication because it allows for other forms of communication, such as using manual signs, pointing to pictures, or activating voice output devices, to either augment verbal production or be an alternative mode of communication when the child has difficulty producing verbal language. AAC includes low-tech devices like static core boards and switches to high-tech devices with touch or eye gaze features.

What are the benefits of AAC? 
AAC allows for a child to grow in their receptive and expressive language skills despite being highly unintelligible and/or being unable to use verbal communication. This will result in less frustration during communication exchanges and more confidence to communicate their wants and needs.

Who is a good candidate for AAC?
Any child who is highly not understandable or is unable to use speech to communicate effectively in their everyday environments is a candidate for AAC. A Speech-Language Pathologist can help you  determine if your child would be a good fit for AAC.custom hoodies best couples sex toys human hair wigs male sex toys nfl plus adidas yeezy custom baseball jersey cheap nfl jerseys the wig shop nfl stores nike air jordan 4 oil green best sex toys nike air max shoes cheap nba jerseys adidas sale

Does AAC mean your child will not  speak verbally?
Research shows that by using a total communication approach in therapy, we are not suppressing any particular mode of communication (i.e. verbal, ASL, AAC, etc.), rather providing multiple options for communication. This allows the child to choose the best mode of communication based on the needs they have. Consult directly with a Speech-Language Pathologist to discuss your child’s specific communication needs.

How Can IK Help?
We have Speech-Language Pathologists who are trained and experienced in specific AAC software like LAMP Words for Life, TD Snap, and Touch Chat. Infinity Kids can provide connections with reputable AAC companies such as PRC-Saltillo and Tobii Dynavox  to aid in the trial and evaluation process, and can help navigate insurance to access high-tech devices as durable medical equipment.

– Makaela Chan, SLP

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How Our Therapists Help with Orofacial Myology Disorders Mon, 08 May 2023 21:42:47 +0000 How Our Therapists Help with Orofacial Myology Disorders Read More »


Orofacial Myology Disorders can cause a range of issues, including misaligned teeth, speech sound disorders, and tongue thrusting during speech and feeding. The root causes of these disorders can include things like allergies, enlarged tonsils or adenoids, thumb sucking, and tongue ties.

At our clinic, our Speech, Occupational, and Physical Therapists are trained to help address these areas. We work with patients to identify the underlying deficits that are causing their Orofacial Myology Disorders and develop personalized treatment plans that address their unique bay packers jersey nfl jerseys best wig shop near me sex toys online nike air max mens shoes wig store near me cheap jerseys sex toy shops nike air max cb 94 release dates 2023 nfl jersey lace front wigs nike air jordan low cheap nfl jerseys adidas shoes sale jordan for sale

Our therapies can help address a variety of complexities related to Orofacial Myology Disorders, including:

  • Oral Ties (tongue, lip, or cheek) impacting feeding skills
  • Tongue thrust during speech and swallow
  • Eliminating thumb/finger sucking habits
  • Correct posture of the mouth and body when breathing (for optimal sleep)
  • Strengthening and coordinating oral muscles for safe eating (breast & bottle)
  • Pre/post frenectomy care
  • Decrease compensatory feeding habits as a result of oral restrictions
  • Body work to improve structural oral restrictions as they relate and connect to other body parts such as our trunk
  • Release of muscular tightness associated with oral mobility
  • Restoring symmetrical movement patterns and range of motion through manipulation
  • Body work to decrease global tension related to facial and soft tissue restrictions

We also look out for common red flags that may indicate an Orofacial Myology Disorder, including structural issues like low tongue position, facial asymmetry, and jaw growth, as well as functional issues like poor latch during feeding, speech delay/articulation, and teeth grinding.

Orofacial Myofunctional Therapy can be highly effective in addressing Orofacial Myology Disorders, particularly when therapy is started early. If your child is experiencing problems related to Orofacial Myology Disorders, please don’t hesitate to reach out to our clinic to learn more about how we can help.

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Spring Newsletter Wed, 05 Apr 2023 22:51:05 +0000 Spring Newsletter Read More »

Spring Newsletter

This Spring is full of special observances including National Autism Month, Occupational Therapy Month in April, and Better Hearing and Speech Month in May!
Below are some more to celebrate:

April 10th: National Siblings Day

April 16th: World Voice Day

May 1st – 7th: Deaf Awareness Week

We kicked off April with another fantastic Sibshop’s! Many thanks to our Sibshop staff and families for providing 
unforgettable sibling experiences at our workshops. Sibshops are events for siblings of children with neuro-diverse needs. They incorporate play and discussion based activities, providing a safe space for siblings to build confidence, navigate challenges of living with siblings with disabilities, make new friends, and explore their unique role within their families. Don’t miss our next meet up on June 10th!

Inclusive Events

Autism Awareness Month - 1
AUsome Resource Market

AUsome Sauce is the perfect blend of safety and connection for parents with young children on the spectrum. We come together to allow open dialogue and various views of every families journey through an autism diagnosis. Our goal is to bring comfort in knowing you are not alone by providing resources and growth within a community of able minded individuals.

Join us at this event!
Dear Mom Conference

“Dear Mom, Conference is needed for us as much as it is needed for you. This is our invitation. That we come to know you, because we are you. You are welcome to join us on this journey, together. To pave new paths for seeking hope, finding your voice, and leaving your fears behind.”

For moms 
raising a person with Down Syndrome and/or any disability. A day to find respite, reset, and connect with other moms walking on the same

Local Happenings

April 22nd
TeWinkle Park, Costa Mesa
Held to raise critically needed funds to help children, teens and adults find relief from seizures.
April 15th + 16th
OC Fairgrounds, Costa Mesa
A free family event produced by OC Fair staff that focuses on STEAM education and hands-on learning.
April 11th + 27th
Pretend City Children’s Museum, Irvine
Enriching play experiences done in a sensory-free environment.

May 6th
Championship Soccer Stadium, Irvine
Annual community fundraiser that supports children and families who rely on the life-changing services and programs provided by RMH OC.


Kids todo List App

This is a great app for building a visual schedule to help with sequencing and routines. The app has options for using clip art photos of common places and actions as well as an option for taking your own photos to use as aids.

The Neurodiversity Podcast talks with leaders in the fields of psychology, education, and beyond, about positively impacting neurodivergent people. Our goal is to reframe differences that were once considered disabilities or disorders, promote awareness of this unique population, and improve the lives of neurodivergent and high-ability people.
School Psyched Podcast is a bi-weekly podcast by school psychologists because none of us is as skilled as all of us. Come join the conversation!


Here are what our Sib’s are saying:
“Sibshops is my favorite place in the world

“It was so fun! I want to stay all day”


– Emily Perl Kingsley

Visit our new Blog posts, including Family Fun Spring Activities!
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Spring Activities for Families Tue, 21 Mar 2023 19:47:15 +0000 Spring Activities for Families Read More »


Spring Activities for Families

With the weather warming up and schools going on break try out these springtime activities for some multi-sensory fun with your whole family.

  1. Decorate Eggs: This is a fun activity for the whole family to do together. Gather a carton of fresh eggs or some plastic eggs and get creative and maybe a little messy. While there are a variety of egg-dying kits available for purchase, you can also get creative with some left-over paints, stickers, etc. that you might have lying around the house.
  2. Sensory Fun Egg Hunt: You’re probably familiar with the traditional egg hunt where you look for hidden eggs, but here are some fun ideas to create a unique egg hunt activity for your family. 
    • Touch and Find Egg Hunt: Lay out a bunch of blankets and pillows in the house or out on the grass. Hide the eggs on top of and under the blankets and pillows. Have your children close their eyes or wear a blind fold and feel around with their hands and feet to find the eggs.

    • Find and Shake Egg Hunt: Fill half of your plastic eggs with small loose items (ex: coins, jelly beans, etc). Leave the remaining eggs empty. Hide all of the eggs and have your children find the eggs and shake them to find all the eggs that make noise. As an added challenge you can have them try to guess what is inside.

      3. Food Fun for Spring: Try out one of these fun food ideas to explore different food qualities and make some tasty treats.

    • Taste the Rainbow: Utilize fruits of different colors to form a rainbow. For example you could cut up strawberries for the red layer, cantaloupe for the orange layer, pineapple for the yellow layer, green grapes for the green layer, blueberries for the blue layer, and purple grapes for the purple layer. Finish off your rainbow with some clouds made of fluffy white whipped cream or even some yogurt.

    • Veggie Bugs: Introduce a variety of raw vegetables in a way that’s fun. Get creative and let your child pick which type of bug they want to make and choose their ingredients. For example, you can make a veggie snail by cutting a 3 inch piece of celery, filling it with peanut butter/cream cheese/hummus, place a slice of cucumber on top to make a shell, use a half of a cherry tomato for a head and make your own face using your peanut butter/cream cheese/hummus. 

     4. Springtime Animal Walks: Try out these spring-themed animal walks to incorporate some movement in your day.

    • Bunny Hops: Jump with both feet together as fast as you can. You can also hold your hands up to the back of your head to make your own bunny ears.

    • Butterfly Wings: Spread your arms out to the side and flap your wings up and down as big as you can.

    • Frog Jumps: Squat down with feet apart and hands touching the ground in front of you. Jump up as high and far as you can before landing back in your squat position. 
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Our Visual Skills Fri, 17 Mar 2023 18:21:18 +0000 Our Visual Skills Read More »


Our Visual Skills

Vision is a critical sense that allows us to navigate our environment, interact with others, and perform daily activities. Problems with the visual system can occur at various levels including the anatomy of the eyes, the eyes’ ability to move in various directions and coordinate movements, the ability to process visual information, and at the level of functional activities.  

You might be wondering, “How do I know if my child’s visual system is functioning effectively?” Some signs that may indicate visual challenges include tilting their head to look at objects, rubbing their eyes, holding objects too close to their face, squinting, complaining of head or eye pain, difficulty with reading, and difficulty with copying information from the board in school. If you observe any of these signs, it might be a good idea to address them with your child’s occupational therapist.

While a referral to a vision specialist (optometrist or vision therapist) is recommended when there are visual deficits, your child’s OT can also be a great resource for identifying and incorporating strategies and modifications to support their visual challenges within functional activities. Your child’s OT might include a range of strategies that are tailored to your child’s specific needs. These may include:

  1. Strengthening Visual Skills: Your child’s OT may incorporate exercises to improve visual skills, such as controlling eye movements, visual scanning, and visual memory. They may also provide education on exercises that you can incorporate at home to strengthen visual skills. These skills are important for everyday activities such as reading and navigating safely through their environment.
  2. Modifying the Environment: Your child’s OT can evaluate your child’s natural environments (ex: home, school, or community environments) and make recommendations regarding modifications to improve safety and accessibility. These recommendations may include adding additional lighting, utilizing contrasting colors to differentiate objects, and rearranging furniture or the tabletop to reduce visual clutter.
  3. Assistive technology: Your child’s OT may explore forms of assistive technology to help your child to complete tasks that would otherwise be difficult due to their vision impairment. Assistive technology devices might include magnifiers, screen readers, or voice to text apps.
  4. Adaptive strategies: Your child’s OT may help to develop adaptive strategies for completing tasks that are impacted by their visual impairment. This may include teaching your child to use tactile cues or auditory feedback to navigate their environment.

In conclusion, occupational therapy can be a valuable resource for children with visual deficits or impairments. By addressing the specific needs of your child, OTs can help to maximize their functional abilities and bolster their independence across home, school, and community settings. 

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Sensory Integration in Occupational Therapy Wed, 01 Mar 2023 00:54:58 +0000 Sensory Integration in Occupational Therapy Read More »


Pediatric occupational therapy is devoted to helping children develop the skills they need to perform everyday tasks, from eating and dressing to playing and learning. If you are new to occupational therapy, don’t be surprised if your child’s therapist asks you questions about their sensory system. This is because our sensory systems are vital to our participation in day-to-day activities. While you may be familiar with the 5 senses, hearing, sight, touch, smell, and taste, you may not be as familiar with the internal senses of our vestibular and proprioceptive systems. These sensory systems are involved in everything we do. If we have trouble processing information in one or more sensory systems, it can have a huge impact on our ability to complete what we need and want to do. Occupational therapists are experts in what is called sensory integration or the process of organizing sensory information from the environment and the body in order to produce an appropriate air max mens nfl appare best nfl custom jersey diy sex toys jordan outlet custom nfl jerseys custom jerseys glueless wigs outlet adidas cheap sex toys human hair wigs cheap jordan 4 red thunder custom jersey nike air jordan black custom basketball jerseys

Sensory integration is crucial for your children to be able to effectively participate in their daily activities. When your child has difficulty processing and integrating sensory information, it can lead to a variety of challenges, such as difficulty with fine motor skills, difficulty with attention and concentration, and difficulty with social interactions. These challenges might pertain to challenges with taking in information from the environment including sensitivities to loud noises, avoidance of particular types of clothing, and covering their eyes in bright light. Sensory challenges can also pertain to difficulty processing input from their own body. This can look like constant movement, clumsiness, or fear of heights or movement.

One common type of sensory-based intervention used occupational therapy is Ayres’ Sensory Integration. When targeting sensory integration during sessions, the therapist will use a variety of activities to provide specific sensory input to the child. This sensory input might look like movement activities such as swinging, bouncing, jumping, or hanging as part of a game or obstacle course. Targeted sensory input can also look like playing in a sensory bin filled with different textures, getting creative with finger paints, or getting messy with shaving cream. The therapist will carefully observe the child’s responses to these activities and will adjust the activities as needed to help the child learn to process and integrate sensory information in a more effective way.

Your child’s occupational therapist will also work with you, as parents and caregivers, to support your child’s sensory processing in the home and community settings. Our goal is to not only support the child’s sensory processing during sessions, but to equip you as parents to understand your child’s sensory system and provide you with tools to make daily activities in the home and community easier.

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