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Gross motor (physical) skills are those which require whole-body movement and which involve the large (core stabilizing) muscles of the body to perform everyday functions, such as standing and walking, running and jumping, and sitting upright at the table. They also include eye-hand coordination skills such as ball skills (throwing, catching, kicking) as well as riding a bike or a
scooter and swimming.
When we all develop, we develop in a cephalo-caudal pattern, meaning from head to toe. We develop from upper trunk to mid trunk to lower trunk. The Gross Motor Milestones can be categorized into four positions:
Each child develops differently, some children may even miss certain milestones. For example, some children skip crawling on all four and go right ahead to walking with support. If your child does not receive a milestone within 3-4 months, then you may want to meet with a pediatrician and have a referral sent for physical therapy.
A physical therapist is a movement specialist who can help facilitate your child to gain the
muscular strength, coordination, spatial awareness, and movement to achieve gross motor